Neurofeedback, also called EEG Biofeedback, is a type of biofeedback that uses real-time display to monitor and measure brain activity. Because the brain is electric, every thought that occurs, every emotion that is felt, and every sensation experienced is due to the electrical firing of neurons. This information is given back to the brain and allows the brain to regulate the nervous system at a more optimal level. Optimizing the functioning of the brain, and thus the nervous system, has many positive effects. Neurofeedback training targets optimal brain functioning. Medications that regulate the functioning of the brain may no longer be needed after successful neurofeedback, or they may be needed at a much lower dose. It is important for anyone taking prescription medications to communicate with their prescribing physician in order to monitor the most effective dose.
The number of sessions can vary depending on the reasons for starting neurofeedback. 20 sessions is generally considered one dose. It may be less, 5 to 10, or up to 40 sessions. Unlike other therapies, neurofeedback sessions can be scheduled up to several times per week. This can cut down on the length of time treatment takes. For example, 20 sessions that are scheduled for 3 sessions per week would only take just over 6 weeks to complete. The effects of neurofeedback have shown to be very long lasting but certain situations may require additional “booster” sessions in order to maintain the gains made from the original sessions.