Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by a lack of appropriate eye contact, facial expression, social interaction, communication, and restricted repetitive behavior. Autism Spectrum Disorder, or ASD, represents a group of disorders, including Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorder-nos, Rett’s Disorder, Child Disintegrative Disorder, and Asperger’s Disorder. About 1 in 88 children has been identified with an ASD according to estimates from Center for Disease Control’s Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring (ADDM) Network.
Research has shown that related symptoms of ASD are the result of brain dysfunction in multiple brain regions. Functional neuroimaging and electroencephalography research have shown this to be related to abnormal neural connectivity problems. The brains of individuals with ASD show areas of both excessively high connectivity and deficient connectivity. In other words, some areas of the brain are chatting excessively with themselves, while failing to communicate normally with other relevant regions.
Neurofeedback seems capable of balancing out connectivity deficits in the brain, whereby relieving symptoms of autism and enhancing the function between the brain and behavior.